DESIGN AND COST PERFORMANCE OF WDM PONs FOR MULTI ...

2 Overview on Optical Access Networks. 15. 2.1 Classification of Optical Access Networks. 15. 2.2 SDM. 21. 2.3 TDMPON. 22. 2.3.1 Technological Background.
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DESIGN AND COST PERFORMANCE OF WDM PONs FOR MULTI-WAVELENGTH USERS

Dissertation zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Doktoringenieur (Dr.-Ing.)

vorgelegt der Fakultät für Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik der Technischen Universität Ilmenau von Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jürgen Schussmann geboren am 01.09.1970 in Klagenfurt

vorgelegt am 28. April 2008

Gutachter:

1. Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Jochen Seitz 2. Dr.-Ing. Werner Hörn 3. FH-Prof. Dr. Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Schiri

Verteidigung am 15. September 2008 Verf.-Nr.: EI

urn:nbn:de:gbv:ilml-2008000161

TABLE ÜF CONTENTS

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments 1 Introduction 1.1 Problems in Access Networks 1.1.1 Bitrate requirements 1.1.2 Bitrate Limitation 1.1.3 Current Technologies in Access Networks 1.2 Organization of this Work 2 Overview on Optical Access Networks 2.1 Classification of Optical Access Networks 2.2 SDM 2.3 T D M P O N 2.3.1 Technological Background 2.3.2 Standardization 2.3.3 Overhead impact 2.4 W D M P O N 2.4.1 Technological Background 2.4.2 Downstream Transmission 2.4.3 Upstream Transmission 2.4.4 Standardization 2.5 Paradigm Shift 2.5.1 New Paradigm 2.5.2 Characteristics 2.6 Summary 3 Single-Stage Networks 3.1 Wavelength reuse and space demultiplexing 3.2 Wavelength Transfer Matrix 3.3 WTM Generalization 3.4 Network Design 3.5 Connectivity Map 3.6 Capacity Limits 3.7 Summary 4 Multistage Networks 4.1 Network Design 4.1.1 Design Conventions 4.1.2 Network Model

1 2 3 6 6 8 11 13 15 15 21 22 22 31 34 37 37 42 43 47 49 49 50 52 54 54 59 63 67 70 72 73 74 75 75 78

TABLE OF CONTENTS 4.1.3 Constraints of the Design Conventions 4.1.4 Common Design Parameters 4.1.5 IC W D M P O N 4.1.6 DC WDM PON 4.1.7 Number of wavelengths per user 4.1.8 IC versus DC WDM PONs 4.1.9 Summary 4.2 Connectivity Map 4.2.1 Top-Down Approach 4.2.2 Bottom-Up Approach 4.2.3 Examples 4.3 Capacity Limits 4.4 Power budget 5 Techno- Economic Evaluations 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Generation of Network Architectures 5.3 Cost Performance 5.3.1 Cost Function 5.3.2 Performance Analysis 5.4 WR Position 5.4.1 Network Architecture 5.4.2 Performance Analysis 5.4.3 Summary 6 Test Environment 6.1 Implementation 6.2 Applications 6.2.1 Video Conferencing 6.2.2 HQHS Streaming 7 Conclusion and Perspective 8 Bibliography 9 Appendix A List of Abbreviations 10 Appendix B List of used Symbols 10.1 List of General Symbols 10.2 List of Mathematical Symbols 11 Appendix C Standards Index

78 79 81 85 88 88 90 91 92 98 101 104 106 108 108 109 114 114 115 120 120 123 126 127 127 130 131 131 136 139 155 161 161 162 165 168

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